Roll over names of designated regions on the map above for descriptions of the role of each in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. North America The North American mainland played a relatively minor role in the trans-Atlantic slave trade.
Citations to the slave narrative itself are referred to as "Northup".
Citations to Professor Eakin's notes and supplemental materials, beginning at page are referred to as "Eakin". Modify the worksheet as appropriate. Information Helpful to Students Relate the following information to students to give them a better understanding of the movie.
The terms "paddy" and "pattyrollers" or "paddy rollers" were names given by slaves to patrols of whites who were paid to be on the lookout for fugitive slaves and to hunt down runaways. Paddy's were armed and often brutal. The culture of the people living in what is now the U.
That is a period of years, almost a century longer than the period since slavery has been abolished. Slavery was so intertwined with the culture of the American South that it took the bloodiest war in U.
Even then substantial portions of the slave society survived for another hundred years in Jim Crow laws and customs. The country is still not completely free of the racism that aided and abetted slavery. Solomon Northup's book Twelve Years a Slave is one of the most important examples of a genre of American literature called the slave narrative.
In fact, African-American literature in the U. Solomon Northup's Twelve Years a Slave became a best-seller in and then a major motion picture years later. Test Your Historical Instincts Exercise: Tell students the following: After watching the movie, there will be a class discussion in which you may be asked to identify an inaccurate scene or set of scenes.
The heart of this exercise is the discussion after the film. Teachers can prepare for this discussion in about five minutes by reviewing the highlighted sections of TWM's Essay on Historical Accuracy.
As an alternative to class discussion, students can be asked to write a paragraph on a scene or a set of scenes that their instinct tells them are inaccurate and why. The paragraphs will be graded only on the quality of the writing.
There are three substantial inaccuracies in the film: There are no specifically correct answers to the questions about why the filmmakers chose to include these obviously incorrect scenes. A good discussion will raise the following issues.
As to the first scenes of the wealth and acceptance of Solomon Northup, one possible explanation is that the people who made the movie wanted to draw a contrast between the life that free blacks lived in the North and the life they lived as slaves in the South.
A second possible reason is that the filmmakers didn't want to alienate their audience by showing that blacks were discriminated against in the North before the Civil War and did not have equal rights.
Another possibility is that the filmmakers wanted generally affluent filmgoers to be able to identify with the character of Solomon Northup.
Whatever the reason, the filmmakers vastly underestimated their audience. Scenes showing Northup having a poor and struggling but intact family in New York would have been more accurate historically and also true to the tale told in Northup's slave narrative.
Properly presented, it would still have provided a stark contrast to Northup's life as a slave in which families were routinely broken up and family values were routinely ignored by most slave masters. On the trip the New Orleans the movie shows the slave being stabbed to death by a sailor when the slave tries to protect Eliza from being taken up to the deck, presumably for sex.
This scene didn't occur.Africans used a variety of strategies to manifest their hostility both to the slave trade that had brought them to the Americas and to enslavement itself. Some were nonviolent, such as running away and sabotage; others involved poisoning, murder, and uprisings.
Those that inspired the most fear were. The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database has information on almost 36, slaving voyages that forcibly embarked over 10 million Africans for transport to the Americas .
Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. LETTERS OF CATHERINE BENINCASA.
ST. CATHERINE OF SIENA AS SEEN IN HER LETTERS. I. The letters of Catherine Benincasa, commonly known as St. Catherine of Siena, have become an Italian classic; yet perhaps the first thing in them to strike a reader is their unliterary character. Slavery in the United States was the legal institution of human chattel enslavement, primarily of Africans and African Americans, that existed in the United States of America in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Slavery had been practiced in British America from early colonial days, and was legal in all Thirteen Colonies at the time of the Declaration of Independence in Nat Turner's name rings through American history with a force all its own.
Leader of the most important slave rebellion on these shores, variously viewed as a murderer of unarmed women and children, an inspired religious leader, a fanatic--this puzzling figure represents all the terrible complexities of .