Puritanism first emerged as a distinct movement in a controversy over clerical vestments and liturgical practices during the reign of Elizabeth. Immediately following the Elizabethan Settlement, Protestant clergy could, within reason, choose what to wear while leading worship.
Daniels, the Puritans were "[o]ne of the most literate groups in the early modern world", with about 60 percent of New England able to read.
InMassachusetts required heads of households to teach their wives, children and servants basic reading and writing so that they could read the Bible and understand colonial laws.
Inthe government required all towns with 50 or more households to hire a teacher and towns of or more households to hire a grammar school instructor to prepare promising boys for college. Boys interested in the ministry were often sent to colleges such as Harvard founded in or Yale founded in Like Locke's blank slatePuritans believed that a child's mind was "an empty receptacle, one that had to be infused with the knowledge gained from careful instruction and education.
They also did not observe personal annual holidays, such as birthdays or anniversaries. They did, however, celebrate special occasions such as military victories, harvests, ordinationsweddings and births.
These celebrations consisted of food and conversation. Beyond special occasions, the tavern was an important place for people to gather for fellowship on a regular basis. Dancing was also discouraged at weddings or on holidays especially dancing around the Maypole and was illegal in taverns.
They also opposed blood sportssuch as cockfighting, cudgel-fighting and bear-baiting. Team sports, such as football, were problematic because "they encouraged idleness, produced injuries, and created bitter rivalries.
Other sports were encouraged for promoting civic virtue, such as competitions of marksmanship, running, and wrestling held within militia companies. They were most opposed to the theater. According to historian Bruce Daniels, plays were seen as "false recreations because they exhausted rather than relaxed the audience and actors" and also "wasted labor, led to wantonness and homosexuality, and invariably were represented by Puritans as a foreign—particularly French or Italian—disease of a similar enervating nature as syphilis.
Not only were card playing, dice throwing and other forms of gambling seen as contrary to the values of "family, work, and honesty", they were religiously offensive because gamblers implicitly asked God to intervene in trivial matters, violating the Third Commandment against taking the Lord's name in vain.
Having entered into such a covenant, eligible voters were responsible for choosing qualified men to govern and to obey such rulers, who ultimately received their authority from God and were responsible for using it to promote the common good.
If the ruler was evil, however, the people were justified in opposing and rebelling against him. They believed they were chosen by God to help redeem the world by their total obedience to his will.
If they were true to the covenant, they would be blessed; if not, they would fail. In Massachusetts, no new church could be established without the permission of the colony's existing Congregational churches and the government. In England, the king was head of both church and state, bishops sat in Parliament and the Privy Council, and church officials exercised many secular functions.
In New England, secular matters were handled only by civil authorities, and those who held offices in the church were barred from holding positions in the civil government. New England magistrates did not investigate private views, but they did take action against public dissent from the religious establishment.
Historian Daniel Boorstin stated, "the Puritans had not sought out the Quakers in order to punish them; the Quakers had come in quest of punishment.Early Puritan and Pilgrim Literature Essay The Puritans and the Pilgrims both migrated to North America to escape religious persecution due to their views about the Church of England.
They created very little literature because writing was viewed as satanic in both cultures. - Puritans and Puritanism This essay addresses the questions: What is Puritanism.
What is the meaning of puritanism in American history. - Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, published in , is a classical American literature novel.
It is a story that takes place in the puritan town of Boston, Massachusetts during the seventeenth. AMERICAN LITERATURE 1. The Colonial Period (–) Native Americans, the first inhabitants of the continent, did not develop anything we can call. Puritans in Literature - Assignment Example On In Assignment Sample The Puritans, a very religious group of people, thrived in the northern British colonies in the 17th century.
A Journal of Catholic and Evangelical Theology Phillip Cary, Editor. Pro Ecclesia is the theology journal of the Center for Catholic and Evangelical r-bridal.com publishes academically rigorous articles on biblical, liturgical, historical and doctrinal topics, aiming to serve the church (and thus be pro ecclesia), promote its ecumenical unity (and thus be catholic) and speak the truth about the.
Word Count: Approx Pages: 10 Save Essay View my Saved Essays Downloads: 2 The 15th and 16th century witnessed the rise of a group of protestant in England called "Puritans".
They opposed the arts, culture, singing, dancing, drama, and any other form of entertainment and pleasure. The followers.