Pre literacy and modern vestiges essay

Labels are necessary components of the ideas and experiences we fit into our lives. With labels, we differentiate. Where would marketing be without them? Could it be both, music rooted in pre-video even pre-radio rural America and thus heroically anachronistic?

Pre literacy and modern vestiges essay

Advance to the Rear: Pre-literacy and Modern Vestiges For many years, the conventions and existence of epic poetry from the pre-literate age were explained as repositories for information.

A well-known story, usually involving a hero that embodied the virtues of the society who told the story, engages in battles, quests, etc. The information the listeners received is thought by some to be analogous to a modern day textbook lesson, in which students learn mathematics, grammar, and law, all by the written word.

So is the contention of Homeric scholar Eric A. According to Havelock, this is not a choice, but a necessity for a pre-literate listener. Havelock contends that a pre-literate society has not developed a critical sense for examining what is spoken to them.

Because the listeners lack an alphabet and therefore lack a written account of the spoken word, they are not able to take a step back from the poem and abstractly think about it as an object. Words flow immediately, giving little time for reflection. The pre-literate mode of understanding the poem was to place oneself in the action itself.

Simply put, Havelock believes classical audiences did not think about a character like Achilles, they thought within him.

They were Achilles The modern concept of memory is a storage concept, which is facilitated by books and other forms of storage such as computers. Without any kind of storage technology other than direct experience, the pre-literate memory must be different than the storage type of memory we understand.

Pre literacy and modern vestiges essay

Hobart and Schiffman argue that our modern literary sensibilities cause us to view books and similar materials as containers for knowledge, and consequently, that understanding is being grafted onto a culture in which books and similar materials did not exist. The concept of memory Hobart and Schiffman believe spoken epic poetry reinforces is social memory.

Defined, social memory, or commemoration, is a recollecting process. For instance, the group nature of a song, can probably be safely argued to have more in common with oral tradition than a written account at least in terms of function of the same spoken words.

The two different uses of the word memory denote different kinds of memory. Storage is one type, recollection is another. The specific words sung are more attuned to the metrical nature of the music than they are apt tools for imparting the singer with specific knowledge about a single battle.

If we were to read it as it was originally written, as a poem, then we would probably think of it as a series of images describing a naval assault on an American fort, and as a singular, historical event.

Yet in song form this is not the case. The point of the song is not for each individual to remember a certain night in American history; the point is for a group of singers to remember the notion of a nation, more specifically, the United States.

Hobart and Schiffman theorize that each oral presentation of the Iliad was a different for its audiences as the situations in which we might hear the national anthem.

For instance, we sing the national anthem at baseball games, but we also heard it after the World Trade Center was attacked on September 11, ; besides being group events, these cases have little in common.

The type of memory that we use when sing the song together is the commemorative type. Another example describing the differences in the concept of memory that Hobart and Schiffman refer to can be found in computers. In terms of the human brain, RAM is more analogous to cognitive ability than brain size or storage capacity.

Disk space, or storage space, refers to a quantity of space on my hard drive. According to it, I can store thousands more essays on it this length before it becomes full. In terms of a human brain, disk space would be the actual area of the brain where I store the memory of say, my first kiss.

Disk space is a type of memory, something like a diary.Religious violence in India includes acts of violence by followers of one religious group against followers and institutions of another religious group, often in the form of rioting.

Religious violence in India, especially in recent times, has generally involved Hindus and Muslims, although incidents of violence have also involved atheists, Christians .

Pre literacy and modern vestiges essay

Peter Bell ENG Mandell 10/4/01 Advance to the Rear: Pre-literacy and Modern Vestiges For many years, the conventions and existence of epic poetry from the pre-literate age were explained as repositories for information.

Of the 40 languages listed below, no less than 18 are spoken in India (including Pakistan and Bangladesh) or the remaining 22 languages, 9 are European in origin, 3 were in the ancient cultural sphere of influence of China (Japanese, Korean, & Vietnamese), 7 are in the cultural sphere of influence of Islâm (Arabic, Persian, Malay, .

Jan 05,  · The vestiges of these social facts account for the uninterrupted, if vacillating, conflict between whites and African Americans throughout American history and the agonizing nature of adjustment of African Americans to a predominantly white society.

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Religious violence in India - Wikipedia

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I caution against this trend biblical texts has drawn on the burgeoning field of orality and literacy studies, The nucleus of this essay was presented at the Annual Congress of the Canadian Society of text and is a corrective to the assumption that orality was relevant only to a pre-.

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