This early attempt at a fair and equal government run by the citizenry was unprecedented, and it served as a model for all the democratic governments that came after it. Though there are many significant differences between the direct democracy of Athens and the democratic republic of the United States, many aspects of Athenian government look very familiar to us. We the People Oppressed by the oligarchical rule of a handful of aristocrats, the ancient Athenians sought a government where all citizens would determine how the state was run.
The paper is structured in away that, the first section introduces the concept of democracy, noticeably describing the origin of the notion of democracy as a system of governance in ancient Greece society and Athens.
Additionally, as part of introduction I offer both scholarly definition of the concept of democracy mutually in ancient vision and modern outlook. The following sections handled switch the discussion to vital exploration of the relationship between ancient and modern democracy by offering a clear account of the similarities and later the differences that can be traced amid ancient and modern democracy.
Finally the paper ends with a clear conclusion of the key issues discussed within the body and wonderfully express general arguments regarding both ancient and modern democracy debate. Greece historically is known as Hellas and geographically is a country located in South Eastern Europe, with a population of approximately 11million as of Worldometers, However, central to this discussion is the ancient city state of Athens, one of the most classical important and powerful cities in Greece, not forgetting that it was the first among all Greek city-states to fully develop democracy as the paper will show, Athens is located on the Attica Peninsula on the southeastern tip of Greece.
Within its administrative borders the population is approximatelyCohen, Theorization on the formation of city — states in Greece is still an issue of debate. Origins of democracy remains a matter of debate among different scholars of the time, however what is clear today is that Greeks invented democracy long time ago.
Athenian statesman and member of the exiled Alcmaeonidae aristocracy, Cleisthenes is considered the father of democracy Hansen, Before his rise around B. Athenian governance was left to aristocratic families who represented the wealthy.
Cleisthenes emerged amid economic and political crisis that created unrest between rivaling aristocratic families. This created an opening in which poor Athenians could revolt and demand representation.
Tracing the roots of Ancient democracy, Solon was the first to attempt government reforms to weaken the aristocracy though he was about 70 years older than Cleisthenes.
Solon ended the practice of debt slavery, created a constitution, set up a person legislative body and regulated the olive oil trade to distribute its profits more equitably. He ultimately fell to a tyrant-led coup that reversed his reforms, but his ideas and innovations set the stage for Cleisthenes' more ambitious leadership.
Later, Armed with Spartan military assistance and advice from the Oracle of Delphi, Cleisthenes wrested power from the tyrant Hippias. But he soon lost Sparta's support and a new tyrant Isagoras unseated him. After his removal, Cleisthenes realized that the power of wealthy elites must be radically reduced.
It was the only way to stabilize the government enough to enact democratic reforms. During the rule of Isagoras, poor Athenians stretched by growing economic disparity became politicized and demanded representation Powell, Cleisthenes' second bid for power came when Athens fell apart and the people rose up to request that Cleisthenes return to set up a demos, the world's first government by the people.
Bolstered by popular support and strong military backing, Cleisthenes returned to power and stopped progression of tyrant rulers. Cleisthenes moved to dilute the power of the wealthy aristocrats who had resisted reform.
To do this, he broke family dynasties and divided Athenians into 10 new tribal groups called demes. Local governance was organized within each deme, and each deme would send popularly elected representatives to participate in a national legislative body.
This was the world's first example of direct democracy. The concept therefore traces its origins from the ancient Greeks and specifically the city-state of Athens in the fifth century B.
C as earlier stated. Originally the Greeks used it to mean the poor or the masses. The French Revolution of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity, the implementation of Universal suffrage by Finland, first world war, saw temporary victory of democracy which coin the ideas embedded in the general meaning of modern democracy and practice.
Furthermore, the February Revolution in Russian saw the establishment of liberal democracy for a few months. Additionally, the post- World War II saw the triumph of democracy for the rising of representative governments.
Additionally democracy is believed to be associated with a system of government in which the people rule themselves directly and continuously, without the need for professional politicians or public officials; a society based on equal opportunity and individual merit, rather than hierarchy or privilege, a system of welfare and redistribution aimed at narrowing social inequalities, a system of decision-making based on the principle of majority rule, a system of rule that protects the rights and interests of minorities by placing checks upon the power of the majority, a means of filling public offices through a competitive struggle for the popular vote, and a system of government that serves the interests of the people regardless of their participation in political office Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung, Talking of democracy in my own view, i look at it at an angle of a fair and equal political, social and economic participation of all competent, concerned, willing and organized individuals for their own good.
It can be seen as an aspect of giving room for expert contribution, concerned as giving chance to individual service recipients in policy making and other forms of political participation, willing as all concerned people in the policy making on aspects to do with social, political and economic welfare and Organized citizens as collective participation of civil society that is media, Non-Government Organizations, Professional association, Trade unions and cultural groups among many others.Relationship Between Ancient Greek Democracy & American Government By Amy Wilde ; Updated June 26, Modern-day democratic governments owe a lot to the democracy of ancient Athens.
Although similarities exist between ancient and modern democracy, they relate to each other in only basic ways. In Origins of Democracy in Ancient Greece, the comparison is discussed, " This system was radically different from just about anything we citizens of the twenty-first century know as a democracy.
The ancient Greeks have provided us with fine art, breath-taking temples, timeless theatre, and some of the greatest philosophers, but it is democracy which is, . Democracy was popular even in the ancient times (people started using it even in ancient Greece and ancient Rome).
However, the research has shown that ancient democracy and modern American democracy had a number of divergences. MODERN DEMOCRACY On the other hand, traits and tracks of modern democracy are traced in the historical events of the 16th and 17th century of which are critical to look at, for a clear analysis of the modern democracy in comparison with ancient democracy.
Ancient Athens was the first documented society to practice democracy while the Iroquois Confederacy was one of the first democratic systems on the North American continent.
In Athens, all citizens were allowed to vote as long as they were educated, male, and over the age of