About Napoleon Bonaparte Biography Napoleon Bonaparte, 15 August —5 May later known as Emperor Napoleon I, was a French military and political leader who is considered one of the most influential figures in European history. He distinguished himself as a military commander fighting in Italy. In the first decade of the Nineteenth Century, he turned the armies of the French Empire against every major European power and dominated continental Europe, through a series of military victories epitomised in battles such as Austerlitz.
Roman Catholic Napoleon Bonaparte, later known as Napoleon I, was a Corsican -born French political and military leader whose Empire dominated much of Europe during the beginning of the nineteenth century.
Napoleon won France victories wherever he went, and was eventually coronated as Emperor of France. Different nations, including EnglandAustriaand other superpowers around Europe opposed to the French Empire banded together in Coalitions to defeat the Emperor. After many victories over the European powers, Napoleon invaded Russiaa disastrous decision, as it led to a slow retreat.
Napoleon was then exiled to the island of Elba. Napoleon, however, did not give A biography of a french military genius napoleon bonaparte very quickly and made a hasty return to France.
After the " Hundred Days ," Napoleon was finally defeated by the combined might of the Anglo-Allied forces at Waterloo and sent into exile again, this time to the deeply isolated island of Saint Helenawhere he supposedly died of stomach cancer.
As an important historical figure, Napoleon is also a recurring image in popular culture. Napoleon was born on 15 August in AjaccioCorsica. He was descended from the Italian family of Bonaparteof which the Corsican branch through him became the historic representative.
Napoleon Bonaparte was the son of Carlo Buonapartean advocate of some repute, and of Letizia Ramolinowhose family were Florentines.
Of 13 children born to them, he was the fourth, and was the second son. Toward those who, like Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienneshowed him sympathy, he was susceptible of strong and lasting attachments. From the annual report of the school, it appears that he distinguished himself in mathematics, was tolerably versed in history and geography, weak in Latin, general literature, and other accomplishments; of regular habits, well-behaved, studious, and enjoying excellent health.
Meanwhile, the French Revolution was rapidly developing across France.
On 6 Februaryhe became captain of artillery by seniority and, being in Paris the same year, he witnessed the insurrections of 20 June and 10 August. He was accompanied by his friend and biographer, Bourriennewho relates that on one of these occasions, when Napoleon saw the mob break into the Tuileries Palace and force the king to don the red cap, he exclaimed, "It is all over with that poor man!
A few discharges of grape would have sent all those despicable wretches fleeing! The excesses of the Septembrists and Terrorists, however, induced Paoli to break with the Convention and seek the assistance of England.
This brought him into conflict with Napoleon, who adhered to the Convention, which so exasperated the Corsicans against him that after a few skirmishes, he was driven from the island along with his whole family. He made a short stay at Marseilleswhere he published a small pamphlet, Le Souper de Beaucaire, Republican in sentiment, but not Jacobinical, as has been asserted.
He then set out for Paris, where he spent a part of the summer of ; and in September of that year was sent, with the commission of lieutenant colonel of artillery, to assist in the reduction of Toulonthen in the hands of the English.
The place was captured, on 19 December, entirely through his strategic genius, and in the following February he was made a brigadier-general of artillery.
Later in the year, he was sent to the Republic of Genoa to examine the state of the defenses of that city and to ascertain the political disposition of its inhabitants.
In his letters to his brother Josephwritten about this time, he complains of poverty and ennui, and seems to have thought of offering his services to the sultan of Turkey. On the 13th Vendemiaire IV, when the sections of Paris had risen against the Convention, Napoleon, named by Barraswas commander of the 5, troops provided for its defense.
Although he had had but a night in which to make arrangements for the dispersion of the populace, when the National Guards, as the defenders of the sections were called, advanced to the number of 30, along the quays of the Seine, the Rue Saint Honore and the other approaches to the Tuileriesthey found every point securely guarded.
To their feeble musketry fire Napoleon replied by murderous discharges of grape. The ceremony took place 9 Marchand, less than a week afterward, he had to depart to assume the command of the Army of Italywhich for three or four years had been carrying on a desultory warfare against the Sardinians and the Austrians amid the defiles of the Alps and the Ligurian Apennines.
In the end of March he set out from Nice and came up with the Allies at Montenotteand inflicted on them a disastrous defeat. This victory separated the Sardinian from the Austrian army, and Napoleon, determined to crush them in detail, pursued the former and beat them at Millesimoand then fell on the latter at Dego.
This opened up for him both the route to Turin and to Milan. Napoleon lost no time; the Sardinians who were retiring upon Turin, were overtaken and beaten at Mondoviand compelled to sue for peace; and the Austrians, who were falling back on Milan, were signally defeated at Lodi.
On the 15th he entered Milan, where heavy contributions were levied on the state, and the principal works of art were seized and sent to Paris. The Kingdom of Naples hastened to conclude a peace; the Pope was compelled to sign an armistice; and the whole of northern Italy was in the hands of the French.
Mantua was the next object of attack. Wurmserat the head of large Austrian reinforcements, advanced through the Tyrol to its defense; he was defeated at Castiglione and again at Bassanowhich compelled him to take refuge behind the walls of Mantua.
In JanuaryAlvinczi opened a fresh campaign by advancing at the head of 50, troops from Roveredo to the relief of Mantua, but this last attempt was completely routed by Napoleon at Rivoli Veronese ; and Wurmser was eventually compelled by famine to surrender at Mantua. The Pope was compelled to conclude a peace by which he surrendered AvignonBolognaFerrara and the Romagna to France.
Napoleon next entered the Tyrol, driving before him the Archduke Charleswho had undertaken another invasion of Italy. The Treaty of Leoben was agreed upon and Austria gave territory and indemnity to France, receiving Venetia in return.Was he always a military genius?
Stacking the victories? Not really. In , for instance, at the age of 16, he was only ranked 42nd out of 58 on an examination of the artillery. He wasn’t always the Mozart of wars.
Beating some foreign troops at the age of 12, like Wolfgang Amadeus used to play Piano Concertos in front of the Pope at 5 y/o. Like Chandler he regards Napoleon's military genius as stemming from his use of the 'tools at hand' but, he is also aware of Napoleon's weaknesses as a military commander.
This biography of Napoleon Bonaparte condenses his life and career down to the essential information. Corsica's French military governor - and Napoleon's own ability enabled him to enter the military academy at Brienne in for the first half of Napoleon exhibited the military genius of his youth, but it was a war he couldn't.
Nov 09, · Napoleon Bonaparte (), also known as Napoleon I, was a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century. Born on the island of Corsica, Napoleon. Napoleon's military genius helped him to rapidly ascend in the ranks of the military during the final years of the First French Republic.
Napoleon won France victories wherever he went, and was eventually coronated as Emperor of r-bridal.com: 5 May , Saint Helena. The military career of Napoleon Bonaparte spanned over 20 years.
|Biography of Napoleon I (excerpt)||Helena First Consul of France: One of the greatest military commanders and a risk taking gambler; a workaholic genius and an impatient short term planner; a vicious cynic who forgave his closest betrayers; a misogynist who could enthrall men; Napoleon Bonaparte was all of these and more, the twice-emperor of France whose military endeavors and sheer personality dominated Europe in person for a decade, and in thought for a century.|
|FRANCIA AFTER THE CAROLINGIANS||The ancestors of Napoleon descended from minor Italian nobility of Tuscan origin who had come to Corsica from Liguria in the 16th century.|
|Military career of Napoleon Bonaparte - Wikipedia||Moscow and only properly made Emperor by Papal coronation, with all its expressed and implied conditions, not surprisingly was soon shown to be wielding a fatally compromised and fading form of power. In the treatment here, "Francia" will mean all of Europe that in the Mediaeval period was subject to the Roman Catholic Church, with its Latin liturgy, headed by the Popethe Bishop of Rome.|
As emperor, he led the French Armies in the Napoleonic r-bridal.com is widely regarded as a military genius and one of the finest commanders in world history. He fought 60 battles, losing only eight, mostly at the end. The great French dominion collapsed rapidly after the disastrous invasion of Russia in